29 June 2009

[sobat-hutan] 'Europe's Last Pagans' Worship in Marii-El Grove



 
 

Nikolaus Von Twickel / MT
Worshippers standing opposite a spruce where men were conducting prayers in a sacred grove near the village of Marisola in the Marii-El republic.

'Europe's Last Pagans' Worship in Marii-El Grove

 
30 June 2009By Nikolaus von Twickel / The Moscow Times MARISOLA, Marii-El Republic -- More than 50 worshippers gathered in a sacred grove on a hot June afternoon outside the village of Marisola. The crowd, mostly women dressed in national costumes and colorful headscarves, stood on a glade opposite a spruce where men were busy conducting prayers.

The congregation kneeled while the men under the spruce, dressed in suits, white felt hats and linen towels cast over their shoulders, said prayers in a low, monotone murmur.

They prayed to Osh Kughu Yumo -- Mari for "Great White God" -- who was being revered that day as Agavairem, which means both deity of creative energy and the feast marking the end of spring labor.

The women lined up in the grass in front of piles of thick homemade pancakes, white cheese, dumplings and brown kvas, the fermented rye drink. Pots and kitchenware were adorned with burning candles, as was a makeshift table in front of the spruce.

The extraordinary ceremony testified to the little-known fact that an animist faith has survived centuries of Christian and Muslim hegemony in this obscure region 800 kilometers east of Moscow.

The Mari, a Finnic people of roughly half a million whose language sounds a bit like a strange mixture of Finnish and Turkish, are said to be Europe's last pagans. Yet their priests, called kart in Mari, reject that notion.

"We are not pagans. We call our faith the Mari Traditional Religion, and we are registered officially in the republic," said Vyacheslav Mamayev, who oversaw the ceremony as the chief kart of the local Sernur district.


Nikolaus von Twickel / MT
Pokrovka Church's Father Sergy


He went on to explain that for the Mari, God has nine substances, or hypostases, ranging from the life-giving Ilyan Yumo to the birth goddess Shochinava.

Asked about the theological foundation of his faith, Mamayev smiled and said, "Everything works through nature."

Indeed, like most animist religions, the Mari faith traditionally knows no written scriptures and no sacred edifices. Prayers are chiefly held in sacred groves, where some feasts include the ritual slaughter of animals as sacrifice.

"Nature is our temple," said Zoya Dudina as she walked with worshippers on a winding path through high grass after the ceremony in the grove had ended.

Dudina, a poet and intellectual from the republican capital, Ioshkar-Ola, expressed pride that her people had regained the possibility to practice their traditional faith.

In Soviet times, she said, villagers would sneak out to the sacred groves after midnight, hoping that nobody would report their forbidden prayers.

Indeed, unnoticed by much of the outside world, the Mari faith has made a remarkable recovery since the end of Soviet Union.

In Marii-El, the Mari Traditional Religion, dubbed MTR, is recognized as one of three traditional faiths, along with Christianity and Islam.

The Mari High Kart Alexander Tanygin regularly attends official ceremonies alongside local Christian and Muslim leaders.

About 15 percent of the people of Marii-El consider themselves adherents of MTR, according to a survey conducted in 2004 by Sociologists of the Mari Institute for Language, Literature and History. Because Maris make up just 45 percent of a population of 700,000, this figure means that probably more than a third of them follow the old religion.


Nikolaus von Twickel / MT
Karts Vitaly Gusyev, left, and Pyotr Vasilyev speaking during the ceremony.


Even local Orthodox clergy acknowledge the traditional faith's dominance in the republic's northern rural districts.

"This is certainly the weakest parish in all of Marii-El," said Father Sergy of Marisola's Pokrovka Church.

Of the local population of 2,500, only 10 to 15 believers attend his services regularly, he said, standing outside his small 19th-century church.

In the local district center of Sernur, the Eparchy of Marii-El is building a new church, but construction, which began in 2003, has stalled because of a lack of funds.

Yet Father Sergy, a gaunt man with a scrubby beard and a kind voice, made it clear that he bore no grudge against the pagans. "We have friendly relations. We are not foes," he said.

He noted that about 1,500 locals were baptized, although he added that he considered practicing traditionalists to be lost souls. "They have no hope of being saved -- that can only happen to believers," he said.

The Mari faith is no isolated phenomenon and has been described as syncretic, combining elements from various religions.

Many Mari villagers have icons in their homes, and drivers stick miniature images of saints on their dashboards, just like anywhere else in Russia.


Nikolaus von Twickel / MT
An altar for ritual sacrifices at another sacred grove near Marisola village.


On their way out of the grove at Marisola, women turned around and crossed themselves, just as Orthodox believers do when leaving church. When one of the karts saw them, he mildly told them to stop.

"You should not put too much significance in this," Dudina explained. "Our people have lived with the Russian church for generations, but our faith is older."

Christianity, she said, had not entered Mari rites, but rather the rites had entered Christianity. "There are so many pagan traditions in Christianity. Look at the Christmas tree," she said.

Other Mari classify themselves in groups with varying degrees of Russian-Orthodox influence, including "Rush Vera" followers, who might even go to church at times; followers of "Marla Vera" who are baptized; and the nonbaptized "Chi Mari."

Mamayev, the Sernur district kart, said the various groups should be allowed to coexist. "Many who come to our prayers are baptized. We will not exclude them. Everyone should be allowed to pursue his own form of worship," he said over a traditional meal of pancakes and kvas held in the Marisola village after prayers.

Juha VКliaho, a Finnish Lutheran missionary who worked in Marii-El for 10 years before moving to Bashkortostan, estimated that 60 percent of the Mari are baptized into the Orthodox Church. "But in their hearts, they are all pagans," he said in an interview in the Finnish Lutheran Church in the outskirts of Ioshkar-Ola, the capital.

The city of 280,000 displays few signs of animist traditions. More striking here is the Orthodox Church's construction activities, which can be seen at numerous churches and religious schools.

VКliaho said that while traditions are strong in the villages, pagan structures are weak in the city.

"It is a totally rural phenomenon. You don't really hold on to these beliefs in a city," he said.

Asked about the local success of missionaries, he said the Lutheran parish in the capital had more than 150 members. Despite the low numbers, he mused that Protestants might be more successful in proselytizing here than the Orthodox. "Many Mari do not want to go the Orthodox church because it is perceived as quintessentially Russian. We, however, can offer worship in their own language," he said.

Even Father Sergy, the Orthodox priest in Marisola, suggested that he did not see much sense in his church winning over the traditionalists. Asked about the future of the Orthodox faith in Marii-El, he said he did not worry so much about paganism but rather about people with no faith at all.

"Look at the youth in our villages," he said. "They have little hope of finding work. They either start drinking or move away to the cities, where they find all sorts of bad things but no religion."

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24 June 2009

[sobat-hutan] Kabut Asap Tebal, "Kado" HUT Ke-225 Pekanbaru



Refleksi : Tak apa-apa kabut asap tebal di Pakanbaru  sebab jauh dari Jakarta
 
 
 
Rabu, 24 Juni 2009 14:02

Kabut Asap Tebal, "Kado" HUT Ke-225 Pekanbaru


Pekanbaru - Kabut asap merupakan "kado" terindah bagi Hari Ulang Tahun (HUT) ke-225 Kota Pekanbaru yang dirayakan setiap tahun tepat tanggal 23 Juni. "Kabut asap yang kian hari makin menebal merupakan kado terindah Kota Pekanbaru," ujar Indra Gunawan, Ketua Sentral Organisasi Karyawan Swadiri Indonesia (SOKSI) Pekanbaru dalam perbincangan dengan SH, Selasa (23/6).


Indra menyebutkan, kado terindah bukan Piala Adipura yang diarak keliling kota oleh Wali Kota Pekanbaru Herman Abdullah, minggu lalu. Kado tersebut justru kabut asap tebal yang menyelimuti Kota Pekanbaru dan sejumlah kota di Riau sejak tiga hari belakangan ini. "Betapa tidak indah, jika kabut asap itu kini membuat kualitas udara di ibu kota provinsi ini menjadi tidak sehat," ujarnya. Pernyataan Indra ini tidak mengada-ada. Tengok saja papan Indeks Standar Pencemaran Udara (ISPU) yang dipasang di depan kantor Wali Kota Pekanbaru, hingga Selasa malam masih menunjukkan kategori "tidak sehat".


Ironisnya, masyarakat Pekanbaru seolah-olah tidak terpengaruh oleh udara yang tidak sehat itu. Lihat saja para pejabat dan anggota legislatif Kota Pekanbaru yang begitu santai mengikuti seremonial peringatan HUT Kota Pekanbaru di gedung wakil rakyat, Payung Sekaki. Sore harinya, masih banyak warga yang terlihat melakukan aktivitas di luar rumah. Misalnya, di bundaran air mancur persis di depan kantor Wali Kota Pekanbaru, masyarakat masih terlihat menyempatkan diri berekreasi di tempat itu.


Kabut asap tidak hanya menyebabkan kualitas udara menjadi tidak sehat. Sebelumnya, aktivitas penerbangan di Bandara Sultan Syarif Kasim (SSK) II Pekanbaru dan Pinang Kampai Dumai terganggu. Berdasarkan pantauan satelit NOAA, hingga Selasa masih terdapat sekitar 110 titik api yang tersebar di daerah Riau.
(denny winson)

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17 June 2009

[sobat-hutan] SOS Pemanasan Global : Melampaui Sistem Politik dan Ekonomi Hari Ini

 

Catatan dari pameran Komedi Putar (Seni Rupa Gasing) dengan garapan tema Politik dan Pemilu  (juga kepedulian atas persoalan pemanasan global yang terselip diantara karya bertemakan politik-pemilu), diadakan oleh Bentara Budaya Jakarta tanggal 19-31 Mei 2009.


Mohon maaf untuk teror yang satu ini...


Bumi tua itu makin padat, panas, dan rusak. Mungkinkah bumi akan berhenti berputar seperti gasing yang berhenti berputar? Begitulah pesan yang ingin didesakkan Anggar Prasetyo dalam karya rupa gasingnya "Global Warming".

Keserakahan harus segera  dihentikan. Neoliberalisme dan fundamentalisme pasar harus dipaksa lengser. Bumi cukup untuk semua orang tetapi tidak untuk keserakahan segelintir orang begitu kata Mahatma Gandhi.


Pilihan kita adalah langgengnya kehidupan bukan kematian berkelanjutan.

Adakah komedi putar pemilu dan politik yang mempermainkan dan menghina rakyat (artinya menghina ibu bumi, membunuh ibu kehidupan) akan terus dilanjutkan?

Barangkali jawabnya sederhana kembali ke akar dan keseimbangan. Seperti gasing yang dahulu hidup di dalam tradisi berbagai kelompok masyarakat di Nusantara. Bukan sekedar permainan tetapi yang utama adalah produk kebudayaan. Ia adalah penanda kesadaran kosmologi tentang pertanian, kesuburan tanah dan daya hidup matahari (reproduksi alam dan manusia).

Kita harus berpikir dan bertindak melampaui praktek politik kekuasaan (demi kekuasaan) dan praktek ekonomi (keserakahan demi akumulasi kekayaan segelintir orang sebagai kebajikan) hari ini? Maaf kata, kita harus melampaui komedi Capres dan Cawapres yang manggung hari ini!

 

Selengkapnya untuk karya-karya seni rupa gasing dan yoyo

http://lenteradiatasbukit.blogspot.com/search/label/komidi%20putar


baca juga artikel Herry Priyono terkait Indonesia di Bawah Ancaman Fundamentalisme Pasar dan Fundamentalisme Agama serta serial 29 artikel Neoliberalisme Memang Menjijikan. Silahkan kunjungi link-linknya di

 

http://lenteradiatasbukit.blogspot.com/search/label/lawan-neoliberalisme





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09 June 2009

[sobat-hutan] Pemprov Kalteng Mengusulkan Konversi Hutan 2,6 juta Ha dalam RTRWP



Pemerintah Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah Usulkan Pelepasan 2,6 Juta Ha Kawasan Hutan

 

SHK Kalteng Post , Selasa 9 Juni 2009

Palangka Raya - Forum Tata Ruang Kalteng mengkalkulasi 12.294.052,28 Ha atau 80 persen Luas Kalteng di jadikan Perkebunan sawit, HPH,HTI dan Pertambangan.

Namun sayangnya semua itu bukan untuk kepentingan rakyat tetapi untuk kepentingan investor. Bahkan saat ini Pemprov Kalteng telah mengusulkan untuk melepas 2.608.834 hektare dalam Rencana tata ruang provinsi  (RTRWP). Pemerintah daerah dalam RTRWP mengusulkan pelepasan kawasan hutan seluas 2.608.834 Ha dari 15.356,400 Ha Luas Kalteng. Tetapi kami menemukan  beberapa kawasan hutan sudah beralih fungsinya menjadi HGU (Hak Guna Usaha) kata Direktur Eksekutif Walhi Kalteng , Arie Rompas yang merupakan anggota Forum Tata Ruang Kalteng.

Perusahaan perkebunan yang memiliki HGU berdasarkan data WALHI  tahun 2007 adalah 666.621 Ha Wilayahnya tersebar di kabupaten kotawaringin Timur, Kotawaringin Barat dan Seruyan. Peningkatan terjadi pada tahun 2009 terutama pada izin dan arahan lokasi. Kawasan Hutan yang sudah di konversikan ke nonhutan telah mencapai 2.985.609 hektar.Hutan lindung di ubah fungsi menjadi kawasan Hutan Produksi sebesar 3.607.363 hektar,dan izin Perkebunan tanpa Pelepasan Kawasan Hutan 2.844.331 Ha yang sebagian sudah bersetatus HGU.

Kemudian Tumpang Tindih Lahan Perkebunan dengan Hak Pengusahaan Hutan (HPH) dan Hutan Tanaman Industri (HTI) 600.209 Hektar serta Arahan Lokasi Tambang Dan Kebun 480.740 hektar. Peralihan fungsi kawasan hutan yang tak sesuai usulan dalam RTRWP dan Peraturan yang ada sangat merugikan NEGARA. Menurutnya forum Tata Ruang Kalteng akan menghitung kerugian tersebut dan nantinya dijadikan alasan untuk mengampanyekan isu lingkungan. Pasalnya, masyarakat saat ini tidak di berikan INFORMASI yang utuh tentang RTRWP.

Dengan adanya kampanye lingkungan, rakyat kalteng diharapkan memperoleh pemahaman secara utuh, tak sepenggal-pengal seperti sekarang. Kampanye lingkungan akan kami sampaikan dalam bentuk rilis ke media massa  serta melakukan  upya advokasi dan litigasi karena terjadi beberapa pelanggaran hukum oleh pemerintah terkait perubahan kawasan hutan.Pelanggaran itu  misalnya proses konversi kawasan hutan tanpa melalui izin pelepasan kawasan berdasarkan UU 26/2007 dan PP 6/2008 tuturnya.

Direktur eksekutif walhi kalteng periode 2009-20013  ini mengungkapkan , ada beberap hal  yang tidak dilaksanakan pemerintah secar prosedur. Anatara lain  hasil ; Hasil Pengkajian Penataan Ruang Nasional, Keselarasan Hasil Pembangunan Nasional dan Daerah dan  Daya Tampung Lingkungan Hidup

 

Sepertinya itu tak menjadi bagian penting dalam perubahan tata ruang saat ini. Itulah sebabnya Forum Tata Ruang Kalteng berencana membentuk tim advokasi untuk menganalisis hukumnya.

Setelah di analisis, karean ini litigasi mungkin kami akan melakukan proses hukum. Sebab jika RTRWP disahkan, artinya departemen kehutan dan DPR-RI juga melegalkan sesuatu yang ilegal. Artinya mereka bersama-sama terlibat dalam kebijakan yang melanggr UU. Ini yang coba kami jawab dengan forum tata ruang ini." ucapnya.

Selain itu , jelas RIO, forum menemukan adanya gartifikasi dalam proses perubahan tata ruang. " kamipunya satu kasus yang akan di jadikan persoalan tata ruang dimana ada satu kawasan  hutan lindung yang diberikan  izin menjadi hutan produksi yang tidak mengikuti prosedur. Itu adalah hutan lindung Palasi yang berlokasi di Kabupaten Murung Raya. Kata direktur eksekutif  Walhi Kalteng tersebut.

 

 
 
 
Direktur Eksekutif Walhi Kalimantan Tengah
 
Jl. Cikditiro No. 16  Palangkaraya 73112 Kalimantan Tengah ; Indonesia
Telp     : +(62(0) 536-3226437,
Fax      : +62(0) 536-3238382
e-mail   : kalteng@walhi.or.id
            : rompas@walhi.or.id
Web    : http://www.walhi.or.id/kalteng

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07 June 2009

[sobat-hutan] E-Book Seized : Krisis Kapitalisme dan Perampasan Tanah



 

Krisis pangan dan krisis finansial (krisis kapitalisme!) memicu peningkatan laju perampasan lahan secara global, gerakan tani dan agraria menghadapi tantangan yang lebih berat. Berakhirnya model pertanian skala kecil dan kehidupan pedesaan di banyak tempat di seluruh dunia, tinggal menunggu waktu?

 

Silah simak terbitan Seized : Perampasan Tanah untuk Ketahanan Pangan dan Keuangan 2008 yang diterbitkan INDIES bekerjasama dengan GRAIN.

 

Bisa diunduh disini

http://lenteradiatasbukit.blogspot.com/2009/05/e-book-seized-perampasan-tanah-untuk.html

 

salam pembebasan

andreas

 

Pengantar

 

Saat ini krisis pangan dan finansial, keduanya, menjadi pemicu terjadinya perampasan lahan secara global. Di satu sisi, pemerintahan negara yang rentan pasokan pangannya
dan menggantungkan kebutuhan pangan penduduknya pada impor melakukan perampasan lahan pertanian secara besarbearan di luar negeri untuk kebutuhan produksi mereka sendiri. Sementara di sisi lain, perusahaan pangan dan investor swasta, yang rakus akan keuntungan di saat terjadi krisis bekepanjangan, melihat investasi atas lahan pertanian di luar negeri sebagai sebuah sumber utama keuntungan yang baru. Alhasil, lahan pertanian yang subur sedikit demi sedikit telah menjadi milik swasta dan terpusat. Jika tak dikendalikan, perampasan lahan pertanian yang dilakukan secara global ini akan berdampak pada berakhirnya model pertanian skala kecil dan kehidupan pedesaan di banyak tempat di seluruh dunia.


kontak :
Syamsul Ardiansyah
Institute for National and Democracy Studies
Jalan Mampang Prapatan XIII RT 03 RW 03 Nomor 03
Kelurahan Tegal Parang, Mampang Prapatan
Jakarta Selatan 12790
E-mail: sekretariat.indies(at)gmail.com, indies_indonesia(at)yahoo.com


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