29 August 2008

[sobat-hutan] Green Indonesia



Green Indonesia

In his speech on August 19th to mark the 63rd anniversary of the founding of Indonesia's foreign ministry, President Yudhoyono spoke about looming global crises and what the country should do to meet these challenges. The three areas of concern he outlined were Food, Energy and Climate Change.

Like most things in the modern world these crises are not happening in isolation, they are in fact very interrelated. Any effort to try and stem them must first understand how they relate to each other and that solutions in any one area will have an impact on the other areas. This article will look at the causes of the 3 crises. In future articles I will look at their potential impacts and at concrete steps that Indonesia can take now to help limit their impact globally and locally and technologies that may offer long term solutions.

Before you can solve any problem you must first gain an understanding of its underlying causes, first we will look at the causes and how they interrelate to each other.

Climate Change:

The planet is getting warmer. You may not notice it here in Indonesia where it is always warm, but at the Northern and Southern extremities of our planet the change is noticeable and rapid. In Greenland, a region associated with a permanently frozen climate, people are for the first time able to grow vegetables. Glaciers throughout the world are in retreat and both polar caps are noticeably disappearing. It is predicted that within 20 years at its current rate of decline that the Arctic icecap will have completely melted and the Polar Bear will only exist in zoos.

The primary cause of this global warming is Carbon Dioxide (CO²). When we burn fossil fuels we release CO² into the atmosphere. Some of this is absorbed by plants, trees and the oceans. But much of it is not absorbed and gradually builds up in the earth's atmosphere. As the CO² level increases more of the suns energy is trapped by the atmosphere raising the planets temperature.

Most of the CO² emissions globally are produced by power generation and industrial processes. As Indonesia's economy develops, these will become a larger source of our emissions. Currently in Indonesia the biggest contributor is slash and burn farming methods used to clear land. It is such a large contributor that Indonesia is the world's second largest emitter of CO².

Food:

As anyone who has lived in Indonesia during Ramadan can tell you. When demand increases for a certain food item, so does the price. Every Ramadan as people increase their consumption of the compact calories offered by meat, the price of that meat rises. What is happening to global food prices is the same. As more people in the developing world lift themselves out of poverty meat becomes a greater source of their caloric intake. Because it takes 10 kilograms of grain to create 1 kilogram of meat, this rise in demand for meat also impacts of the price of grain. In Indonesia we see this in rising prices for rice and bread.

Another source of rising food prices is the use of agricultural products as biofuels. In America a large portion of their corn production that used to be primarily used as cattle feed is now being diverted to the production of ethanol. In Brazil the same is happening with sugar, which is also being used to produce ethanol. In Indonesia we are seeing rises in cooking oil prices because a large portion of the palm oil crop is now being diverted to produce biodiesel. This trend has its roots in the rise of fossil fuel prices. As gasoline and diesel prices have risen, it has become cost effective to use these agricultural products as alternative fuel sources.

Energy:

World energy prices have been rising also because of the changes in the developing world. As the rapidly developing economies of China, Brazil and India have been lifting millions of people out of poverty the demand for their share of the world energy pie has also grown. Whether you are looking at oil prices being driven by people's demands for cars and motorcycles or coal and natural gas prices rising because of increased demand for electricity, they all are an effect whose root cause is economic growth in the developing world.

The 1 billion people on the planet in the first world now have to compete with the 5½ billion other people that they share this planet with for a finite fossil fuel resource. It is only right that the world's resources are shared equitably but we must face the fact as the world's population grows to 12 billion people in 2050, that unless we change how we use these limited resources, there will not be enough to go around.

Callum Roxburgh is a wealth manager based in Jakarta.

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Muslim Schools

Posted: 29 Aug 2008 10:05 AM PDT

Syamsir SiregarIslamic boarding schools are under increasing pressure from radical elements, says Syamsir Siregar.

Continuing a recent talkative streak state intelligence boss (Badan Intelijen Negara, BIN) Syamsir Siregar said on 29th August that Islamic boarding schools, or pesantren, were highly susceptible to being infiltrated or taken over by radicals, people who would ruin the image of Islam and even commit terrorists acts.

There are pesantrens that have been taken over [by radicals].

Attempts by radicals to subvert Islamic schools were intensifying and both the schools and the intelligence agencies had to re-double their efforts to contain the problem, he said, efforts which should involve an element of persuasion and reasoning.

Syamsir Siregar
Syamsir Siregar

Speaking at the Al Hikmah 2 pesantren in Brebes, Central Java, he said he hoped clerics could help to build up a spirit of nationalism and unity, and prevent the politicization of religion, and avoid saying or doing things that might lead to sectarian strife and discord. [1]

  1. ↑1 antara
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28 August 2008

[sobat-hutan] Re: [mediacare] Kerugian dari Kerusakan Mangrove Capai Rp 42,585 Triliun



 
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Thursday, August 28, 2008 10:57 PM
Subject: [mediacare] Kerugian dari Kerusakan Mangrove Capai Rp 42,585 Triliun

Kerugian dari Kerusakan Mangrove Capai Rp 42,585 Triliun
Kamis, 28 Agustus 2008 | 21:38 WIB


KUBU RAYA, KAMIS - Sekretaris Program Lembaga Pengkajian dan Pengembangan (LPP) Mangrove Indonesia Ahmad Faisal Siregar menyayangkan adanya izin usaha tambak yang diterbitkan di areal hutan lindung mangrove. Ia mengungkapkan, kerusakan hutan lindung mangrove di Kabupaten Kubu Raya yang terpantau melalui citra satelit tahun 2007 mencapai 1.700 hektar.


Kerusakan hutan lindung mangrove karena pembukaan usaha tambak itu mulai marak dalam kurun waktu 2002-2003. "Total nilai ekonomi yang disediakan hutan lindung mangrove di sana, termasuk nilai vegetasi dan kemampuannya menyerap karbon, diperkirakan mencapai Rp 50 juta per hektar," katanya.


Dengan perhitungan tersebut, maka kerugian negara akibat kerusakan 1.700 hektar hutan lindung mangrove itu mencapai Rp 85 miliar. Kerugian itu belum memperhitungkan kerusakan struktur tanah dan biaya yang harus dikeluarkan untuk merehabilitasi hutan lindung mangrove yang rusak.


Faisal memberikan gambaran, untuk merehabilitasi hutan mangrove di Jakarta yang digunakan untuk areal tambak dengan luas 1x4 meter sedalam 1,5 meter, dibutuhkan biaya Rp 10 juta. Dengan perhitungan tambak yang dibuka di areal hutan lindung mangrove di Kabupaten Kubu Raya sekitar 1.700 hektar, maka untuk merehabilitasinya dibutuhkan biaya sekitar Rp 42,5 triliun.

 
Syamsul Ardiansyah
Program Manager - Institute for National and Democratic Studies
 


----- Pesan Asli ----
Dari: Eddy Djaja <edllsda99@hotmail.com>
Kepada: mediacare@yahoogroups.com
Terkirim: Kamis, 28 Agustus, 2008 16:32:29
Topik: RE: [mediacare] Pak Tua Pencari Paku

Semua kemiskinan yang melanda Indonesia adalah ulah perbuatan para pemimpinnya yang tidak becus.
Anugrah Tuhan berupa kekayaan alam yang melimpah habis dikuras oleh pemimpin-pemimpin yang korup.
Jadi sampai kapanpun Indonesia tidak akan bangun dari keterpurukannya.
Mungkin sudah takdir dari Tuhan Yang Maha Kuasa.


Eddy Djaja
Personal website:
http://eddydjaja. tripod.com
Business website:
http://emeraldtour. tripod.com
Note:
If your browser cannot click - copy and paste to the www address box.







To: mediacare@yahoogrou ps.com
From: agussyafii@yahoo. com
Date: Thu, 28 Aug 2008 04:36:51 +0000
Subject: [mediacare] Pak Tua Pencari Paku

Pak Tua Pencari Paku

"Sudah tidak terasa sakit" kata pak tua itu yang wajahnya penuh dengan
keriput, hitam legam sambil memegang besi semberani alat untuk mencari
paku dipinggiran jalan Ciledug Raya. Pak tua itu memegang tangannya
yang terserempet angkot. Saya menawarkan untuk berobat namun pak tua
itu menolaknya. Saya mengantarkan untuk pulang, katanya hari ini belum
mengumpulkan paku untuk dijual. Akhirnya kami berdua minum teh botol
diwarung pinggir jalan.

Berkali-kali pak tua itu ngatakan masih untung dirinya hanya
terserempet tangan, tidak sampai luka parah. Masih bisa berjalan dan
bisa menikmati minum teh botol. Pak tua itu bertutur, dua tahun lalu
dirinya pernah ketabrak truk sampah dan hanya dirawat di bawah kolong
jembatan, "alhamdulillah mas, dalam waktu 1 bulan saya sudah bisa
kembali berjalan mencari paku."

Miris rasanya mendengar penuturannya, ditengah hidup yang kian sulit,
pak tua berjuang sendirian menghadapi hidup karena Istrinya sudah lama
meninggal dan dua anaknya menjadi pemulung di bantar gebang. Sementara
kehidupannya hanya mengandalkan dengan mencari paku dan barang-barang
bekas.

terdengar suara napas yang terasa berat, sebuah potret orang yang
hidup dijalanan yang menggantungkan harapan pada kebaikan rizki yang
berserakan di jalan. Wajahnya selalu penuh syukur terhadap semua
nikmat yang dianugerahkan padanya.

Kala terik panas menyengat saya pamit hendak melanjutkan perjalanan ke
kantor. Pak tua itu mengucapkan terima kasih. Padahal sayalah yang
seharusnya mengucapkan terima kasih padanya.. Pertemuan yang singkat
itu bagaikan saya membaca ayat-ayatNya pada pagi hari ini.

"Dan Kami tidak menciptakan langit dan bumi dan apa yang ada diantara
keduanya tanpa hikmah". (QS Shaad 38 : 27).

Dari pertemuan itu saya mengambil satu hikmah bahwa hidup seberat
apapun akan menjadi ringan jika kita senantiasa bersyukur terhadap
semua anugerahNya sekalipun hal itu pahit.

sumber, http://agussyafii. blogspot. com

Salam Cinta,
agussyafii

=======
Tulisan ini dibuat dalam rangka kampanye "Yuk, Bersahabat Dengan
al-Quran" silahkan kirimkan dukungan dan komentar anda di
http://agussyafii. blogspot. com atau sms 087 8777 12 431




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[sobat-hutan] Re: [mediacare] Siaran Pers Greenpeace 28 Agustus 2008


----- Original Message -----
From: "Adhityani Arga" <adhitpa@gmail.com>
To: <mediacare@yahoogroups.com>
Sent: Thursday, August 28, 2008 1:46 PM
Subject: [mediacare] Siaran Pers Greenpeace 28 Agustus 2008

Greenpeace menantang Industri Kelapa Sawit dan Pemerintah Indonesia
untuk menghentikan penggundulan hutan

Jakarta, 28 Agustus 2008 - Sebuah dialog yang diselenggarakan
Greenpeace minggu ini menyediakan wahana bagi pelaku kunci industri
kelapa sawit Indonesia untuk menyatakan kesungguhan mereka mendukung
jeda atau moratorium deforestasi. Moratorium bagi semua bentuk
konversi hutan termasuk penebangan komersil sangat dibutuhkan guna
mengurangi emisi gas rumah kaca (GRK) Indonesia, menjaga
keanekaragaman hayati yang kaya serta melindungi penghidupaan jutaan
orang di seluruh Indonesia yang merupakan bagian dari masyarakat yang
bergantung pada hutan.

Dialog bertajuk "Dapatkah Industri Kelapa Sawit Menghentikan
Deforestasi di Indonesia?" bertujuan untuk menyosialisasikan tujuan
kampanye Stop Deforestasi Greenpeace melalui pemaparan kriteria
moratorium. Puluhan produsen dan pemasok besar termasuk Unilever,
Sinar Mas hadir dalam acara ini beserta perwakilan pemerintah dari
Departemen Pertanian penasihat senior Program Aceh Hijau dan Serikat
Petani Kelapa Sawit (SPKS).

"Jelas bahwa industri menginginkan kelapa sawit dari sumber yang
berkelanjutan. Namun kenyataan di lapangan justru lebih jelas
menunjukkan penggundulan hutan terus terjadi dan masyarakat terus
menderita akibat tata kelola buruk serta eksploitasi oleh perusahaan
kelapa sawit yang tidak bertanggung jawab. RSPO telah membuktikan
bahwa mereka belum dapat menyelesaikan masalah yang mendesak ini.
Moratorium dapat menyediakan ruang yang dibutuhkan bagi industri,
pemerintah dan masyarakat untuk bekerja sama demi sebuah solusi
jangka panjang," ujar Bustar Maitar, juru kampanye hutan Asia
Tenggara.

Moratorium deforestasi merupakan suatu mekanisme untuk menghentikan
penghancuran hutan sementara menyediakan waktu dan ruang yang
dibutuhkan untuk membangun jaringan kawasan fungsi lindung serta
kawasan yang diperuntukkan untuk penggunaan hutan yang bertanggung
jawab secara ekologis dan berkeadilan sosial.

Perusahaan-perusahaan pengguna kelapa sawit terbesar di dunia telah
menggeser posisi kebijakan mereka dan menyatakan dukungan mereka
terhadap moratorium deforestasi. Salah satu perusahaan pengguna
kelapa sawit terbesar di dunia, Unilever, telah menyatakan
dukungannya secara terbuka terhadap moratorium deforestasi akibat
perluasan kelapa sawit di Indonesia. Unilever menyadari bahwa
menangguk laba di atas pengrusakan hutan bukanlah cara berbisnis yang
baik dan akan mengakibatkan adanya beban "karbon" yang semakin hari
semakin dianggap sebagai beban dan risiko investasi. (1).

Saat ini Unilever sedang melakukan negosiasi dengan beberapa
perusahaan multinasional di bidang makanan, kosmetik serta bahan
bakar nabati demi membangun koalisi di antara mereka guna mendukung
moratorium. Industri kelapa sawit di Indonesia seharusnya merespon
kemungkinan terjadinya penolakan pasar, khususnya dari Eropa, dan
menggunakan kesempatan ini untuk meletakkan landasan bagi terwujudnya
kelapa sawit dari sumber berkelanjutan sesuai dengan permintaan
pasar.

"Industri kelapa sawit sudah seharusnya tidak lagi menangguk laba
dari lemahnya tata kelola, tetapi tampil sebagai solusi bagi
pembenahan tata kelola yang dibutuhkan. Pemerintah sebaiknya
menanggapi seruan pihak industri dengan segera menerapkan moratorium
deforestasi di seluruh Indonesia", simpul Bustar.

Greenpeace adalah organisasi kampanye yang independen, yang
menggunakan konfrontasi kreatif dan tanpa kekerasan untuk mengungkap
masalah lingkungan hidup, dan mendorong solusi yang diperlukan untuk
masa depan yang hijau dan damai.

CATATAN BAGI REDAKSI:
(1) Laporan terbaru Greenpeace "Beban Karbon Terselubung Pada Sektor
Kelapa Sawit Indonesia", mengkaji risiko yang dihadapi perusahaan
yang menggunakan minyak kelapa sawit sebagai akibat dari kegiatan
para pemasoknya. Laporan ini memperkirakan, mengambil kasus Unilever
sebagai contoh, diperkirakan perusahaan tersebut akan dibebani ?714
per tahun merujuk asumsi harga CO2 per ton mencapai ?30 dengan hampir
setengah jumlah emisi GRK dari rantai pasokan berasal dari produsen
minyak kelapa sawit Indonesia.

Greenpeace meluncurkan laporan bernada keras bertajuk "Membakar
Kalimantan" yang mengungkapkan bagaimana para pemasok minyak kelapa
sawit mendorong terhadinya deforestasi di propinsi Kalimantan,
mengakibatkan meningkatnya emisi GRK serta mengancam satwa langka
seperti orangutan. http://www.greenpeace.org/seasia/en/press/reports/
how-unilever-palm-oil-supplier

Sejak tahun 1990, 28 juta hektar hutan Indonesia - dengan ukuran sama
dengan Ekuador - telah dihancurkan, sebagian besar akibat pembukaan
lahan perkebunan kelapa sawit. Permintaan akan minyak kelapa sawit
diperkirakan akan meningkat berlipat ganda; dua kali lipat pada tahun
2030 dan tiga kali pada tahun 2050 dibandingkan dengan tahun 2000.

Informasi lebih lanjut hubungi:

Bustar Maitar, Juru Kampanye Hutan Greenpeace Asia Tenggara,
+6281344666135

Arief Wicaksono, Penasihat Politik Greenpeace Asia Tenggara, +62815
704 400

Adhityani Arga, Juru Kampanye Media Greenpeace Asia Tenggara,
+6281398099977 adhityani.arga@greenpeace.org

situs: http://www.greenpeace.or.id/

------------------------------------

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http://mediacare.blogspot.com

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[sobat-hutan] Re: [mediacare] Pemenang International Photography Contest 2008 majalah National Geographic Indonesia

 
----- Original Message -----
From: salju
Sent: Thursday, August 28, 2008 2:10 PM
Subject: [mediacare] Pemenang International Photography Contest 2008 majalah National Geographic Indonesia

PENJURIAN foto-foto dalam Kontes Fotografi Internasional 2008 majalah National Geographic Indonesia (NGI) usai sudah. Dengan penuh ketekunan dan konsentrasi (kadang diselingi tawa dan debat), para juri yang terdiri dari Julian Sihombing (Harian Kompas), Rully Kesuma (Majalah Tempo), dan Tantyo Bangun (National Geographic Indonesia) menyeleksi sekitar 2.100 lebih foto yang masuk, baik melalui media online (Foto Kita) maupun yang langsung dikirimkan ke alamat NGI berupa foto cetak.

Dibandingkan tahun lalu, helatan National Geographic International Photography Contest (IPC) tahun ini mengalami peningkatan baik dari sisi kuantitas maupun kualitas foto yang lebih beragam dan unik. Pesan "Indah Bermakna" khas NGI kelihatannya mulai meresap ke dalam sanubari para fotografer (baik profesional maupun amatir) peserta dari Tanah Air.

Dan, tanpa berpanjang lebar lagi, berikut ini daftar para pemenang IPC 2008.

http://fotokita.net/fk/galeri-para-pemenang-ipc-2008/

 

 


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Published by : Magazine Division - Kompas Gramedia

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[sobat-hutan] Re: [mediacare] Press Release Telapak - Merbau, a Backward Step

 
----- Original Message -----
Sent: Thursday, August 28, 2008 3:26 PM
Subject: [mediacare] Press Release Telapak - Merbau, a Backward Step

A Backwards Step – How demandfor merbau timber is undermining Indonesia's anti-illegal logging policies

PRESS RELEASE

Recentdevelopments weakening the control of Indonesia's merbau exports and trade are drivingillegal logging and timber smuggling and undermining coherent existing policesdesigned to secure sustainable forest management.

Merbau (Intsia spp.) is a luxurious hardwoodprized for its dark red colour and durability. Found only in Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Malaysia, merbau has beensystematically looted from the forests of Papua, Indonesia, to feed internationaldemand for flooring, decking, doors and furniture. These forests form part ofthe last remaining tracts of intact rainforests in the Asia Pacific region, provideessential livelihoods for local communities and support a wealth of uniquebiodiversity.

The merbau trade isemblematic of the problem of illegal logging in Indonesia and the limitationsof government actions to tackle the problem. In 2005 the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA)and Telapak released a landmark reportdetailing how around 300,000 cubic metres of merbau logs were being smuggledout of Papua, Indonesia, to China every month to be made intoflooring. The sheer scale of the theft and the involvement of corruptgovernment officials prompted a swift response from the Indonesian government. An enforcementteam was dispatched to Papua and the illegal logging ofmerbau virtually halted. By the end of the operation in May 2005 over 400,000cubic metres of illegal merbau logs had been seized, and 186 suspects named bythe police. The effects of the operation were quickly felt overseas; the pricefor merbau logs in China more than doubled to $700 per cubic metre and tradersin southern China were struggling to source raw merbau timber.

Yet despite suchdecisive action, overseas demand for merbau has remained high, and the loggingand trade of merbau in Indonesia remains riddled with illegality. In thiscontext a host of timber processors and traders have continued to find ways tosmuggle illicit merbau out of Indonesia. This briefing exposes some of therecent scams, and explains how government policies are making it easier formerbau smugglers to thrive.

Special Treatment for Merbau Smugglers

In 2004 theIndonesian government banned the export of sawn timber. The relevant decree wasrevised in 2006 to clarify the types of timber covered by the ban; in essenceall exports of rough sawn timber are banned, as are shipments of planed timber(S4S) above a specified size.

In April 2008 the IndonesianMinistry of Trade granted a special "dispensation" to the sawn timberexport ban to three companies based in Surabaya, a major timber processingcentre and port in Java, allowing them to export "housing components" of merbautimber to China. The three firms CV Surabaya Trading & Co., GrafityMerindo, and TriasHasil Alam Lestari were granted the exception on the grounds that the"housing components" were destined for a construction project in Mongolia. Initial permissionwas granted for the three firms to ship 24,000 cubic metes of merbau, with atotal of 70,000 cubic metres being requested before the end of 2008. Thecompanies began shipping the timber in May 2008.

Superficialanalysis of the exception shows it to be highly suspicious; both the use ofmerbau for house construction and the stated destination of Mongolia do notmake economic or practical sense. Sources also state that the exception hasbeen further justified on the grounds that the merbau timber is to be used forearthquake reconstruction in China. More detailed investigations by EIA/Telapakreveal that the exception is an outright fraud, designed purely to allow thethree firms to ship prohibited merbau sawn timber to China.

The threecompanies are all controlled by one man – RickyGunawan. EIA/Telapak undercover investigators first encountered Gunawan andSurabaya Trading & Co. in late 2006 while investigating merbau smuggling.Gunawan admitted his company was shipping around 3,000 cubic metres of roughsawn square merbau "posts" in containers every month from Surabaya to China, inblatant contravention of the sawn timber export ban. He said he had beensmuggling the timber out for a year-and-a-half, assisted by a contact in thecustoms department of Surabaya port.

EIA/Telapakprovided a detailed briefing on the activities of Gunawan to the Ministry of Forestry in March 2007. Despitesuch comprehensive evidence of flagrant law-breaking by Surabaya Trading noaction has been taken against the company or its owner Gunawan. Instead heappears to have found new way of supplying sawn merbau to Chinese buyers, withthe help of a suspicious government dispensation.

Sources inSurabaya state that shipments of "housing components" sent by Gunawan are infact rough sawn merbau posts. Information obtained by EIA/Telapak in China alsoshows that the shipments are not destined for a housing project in Mongolia, butare instead being sold on to flooring and furniture factories in China.

One of the mainrecipients of merbau shipments sent by Surabaya Trading is the company FujianPan-Chinese Trading, located in Fujian Province, southern China. During May 2008Gunawan sent 40 containers of "merbau housing components" to Fujian Pan-Chinese Trading. InJuly EIA/Telapak posing as timber buyers called the Chinese company to askabout the availability of merbau. A company representative confirmed thatFujian Pan-Chinese receives around 200 containers of sawn merbau a month from aSurabaya sawmill. Each cubic meter of Indonesian merbau is worth $1,100 onarrival in China, and is sold on to factories producing merbau flooring, doorsand stairs. The company is even offering the sawn merbau for export out ofChina.

Given Gunawan'spast activities, the award of a "dispensation" to ignore the sawn timber exportban by the Indonesian government is extremely suspicious. In essence the permitis providing a cover for him to continue smuggling merbau to China. It iscertainly a lucrative operation; based on market prices in China the quantityof merbau timber covered by the exemption is worth $26 million.

Weaker Control of Merbau Exports

The Ministry of Trade is also pushingthrough a wider revision of the original sawn timber export ban that will meanmore merbau will be exported to overseas  manufacturers.

Under the reviseddecree, merbau is singled out as the only species that can be exported in S4S(Squared on 4 Sides) in larger profiles. While all other timber species musthave a profile of 4000 mm2 or less to be exported, the new decree (Ministry ofTrade decree no. 20/M-DAG/PER/5/2008) permits exports of merbau posts withprofiles of up to 10,000 mm2, more than double the currentpermissible size. Only merbau is exempted.

Such an exemptionwill undermine enforcement efforts in Indonesia by weakening export controls ona species which remains one of the main targets of illegal logging operationsin the country.

Papua's Merbau Controls Undermined

Within Indonesia merbau is only found in Papua, where it is the backbone of thelogging industry. In September 2007, Papuan GovernorBarnabas Suebu and West Papua GovernorAbraham Atururi issued new regulations limiting log shipments from Papua toother parts of Indonesia, effective from the beginning of 2008.

A global audienceheard Governor Suebu explain the Papuan log shipment ban at the climate conference held in Bali inDecember 2007 when he outlined a range of policies designed to protect Papua'sforests while creating incentives for inward investment to support developmentfor local people.

Yet powerfulinterests outside of Papua are seeking to undermine the new controls. In midMarch 2008, at a meeting of 40 forest sector investors and the provincialgovernment in Jayapura, industry representatives requested Governor Suebu to weakenhis policy by allowing logs to be shipped to manufacturers in Java andelsewhere in Indonesia. In responding, Governor Suebu told the investors andjournalists gathered how both President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, and VicePresident Jusuf Kalla had also requested a similar revocation of the policy,but that the policy would not be withdrawn.

Despite this, overthe following days local media falsely reported that the policy had beenrevoked, significantly adding to the high level political and commercialpressure on the governor to succumb to outside interests. Governor Suebu subsequentlyfelt compelled to issue a press release explaining that the policy remained inplace, and logs were not allowed to be shipped out of Papua to anywhere,regardless of media reports to the contrary.

With internationaldemand for merbau remaining high, logging in Papua remains riddled withillegality. In May 2008 police seized 13,000 cubic metres of illegal merbaulogs in Kaimanaand Nabire, West PapuaProvince. Some of the seized logs were cut by the companies Kaltim Hutama and Centrico, which operateforest concessions in Papua.   

Double Standards

While thegovernment is offering suspicious dispensations to get round current sawntimber export laws, and designing new ones to intentionally weaken controls onmerbau exports, it has failed to act decisively to implement a much-needed TimberLegality Assurance System (TLAS). The TLAS has been developed over severalyears of wide-ranging consultations and field tests. It represents the best wayof clearing up confusion generated by Indonesia's multiple overlapping andcontradictory forestry laws, and will also bring much needed transparency tothe sector. The TLAS does not introduce new legislation, but merely clarifiesexisting laws and legal requirements in the forestry and timber trade sectors.

Yet despite itsstated policy priority of tackling illegal logging, the Ministry of Forestry hasstill not adopted the TLAS, ensuring legal uncertainty continues to underpinthe timber trade across Indonesia. Pushing for the weakening of merbau tradecontrols, while delaying the introduction of a widely-endorsed system toguarantee timber legality, raises concerns about the government's statedintentions to curb illegal logging and log smuggling and implement sustainableforest management. Since 2005 the Indonesian government has taken decisivesteps to curb illegal logging. Now is the time to push these efforts further,not to weaken timber trade controls and reward merbau smugglers withdispensations.   

Recommendations

The Government of Indonesia should:

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·        <!--[endif]-->Immediatelycancel the "dispensations" for exports of merbau "housing components".

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·        <!--[endif]-->Launchan inquiry into how the dispensation was allowed, and the activities ofcompanies linked to Ricky Gunawan.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·        <!--[endif]-->Ensurethat the sizes of Papuan merbau sawn timber permitted for export are notweakened by new Ministry of Trade Decree No.20/M-DAG/PER/5/2008.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·        <!--[endif]-->Formallycommunicate export regulations on sawn timber to known import destinations,especially China and Malaysia.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·        <!--[endif]-->Adopt andimplement the Timber Legality Assurance System across the country.

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·        <!--[endif]-->SupportPapua's log shipment controls, and encourage relevant authorities to enforcethem.

Consumers should:

<!--[if !supportLists]-->·        <!--[endif]-->Notbuy merbau products until the TLAS is implemented, and merbau is provided withindependently audited proofs of legality under the TLAS or certificationschemes.

For further information contact:

• Husnaeni Nugroho, Telapak Forest Campaigner (email:unang@telapak.org, mobile: +62 813 288 413 07)

• Mardi Minangsari, Telapak Forest Campaigner Coordinator (email:mardi_minangsari@telapak.org, mobile: +62 811 11 1918)

Link=

http://telapak.blogspot.com/2008/08/backwards-step-how-demand-for-merbau.html

http://telapak.blogspot.com/2008/08/regulasi-perdagangan-kayu-indonesia.html

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